[11], Apart from Philippine eagle and monkey-eating eagle, it has also been called the great Philippine eagle. Additionally, the parents have been observed taking turns shielding the eaglet from the sun and rain until it is seven weeks old. The Philippine eagle is also used in sporting events as a mascot, most notably one in the 2005 Southeast Asian Games held in Manila known as "Gilas". [24] The Philippine eagle has a wingspan of 184 to 220 cm (6 ft 0 in to 7 ft 3 in) and a wing chord length of 57.4–61.4 cm (22.6–24.2 in). [45] The move marked the initiation of the government's Philippine Eagle Diplomacy program. It has numerous names in the many Philippine languages, including ágila ("eagle"), háribon (from haring ibón, "king bird"), and banog ("kite"). The eagle has a dark face and a creamy-brown nape and crown. It was also depicted on the 50-sentimo coins minted from 1981 to 1994. In this experience, the female does not eat, drinks much water, and holds her wings droopingly. [31], Both sexes help feed the newly hatched eaglet. It has numerous names in the many Philippine languages, including ágila ("eagle"), háribon (from haring ibón, "king bird"), and banog ("kite"). The heavy legs are yellow, with large, powerful, dark claws, and the prominent, large, high-arched, deep beak is a bluish-gray. Philippine Eagle Working Group (1996). [8][28], This eagle is found in dipterocarp and midmontane forests, particularly in steep areas. [31] The young eaglet fledges after four or five months. [44] However, a large proportion of the population is found on unprotected land. [13], A study of the skeletal features in 1919 led to the suggestion that the nearest relative was the harpy eagle. During the breeding season that takes play in July, Philippine eagles perform courtship displays. Philippine eagles communicate vocally and the most frequently heard noises include loud, high-pitched whistles ending with inflections in pitch. Philippine eagles are carnivores. [7] The amount of rainfall and population of prey may also affect the breeding season. [2][3] Among the rarest and most powerful birds in the world, it has been declared the Philippine national bird. Only six pairs are found on Samar, two on Leyte, and a few on Luzon. Kennedy, R. S., Gonzales, P. C.; Dickinson, E. C.; Miranda, H. C. Jr. and Fisher, T. H. (2000). A captive Philippine eagle lived for 41 years in Rome Zoo, and it was already adult when it arrived at the zoo. [3] Both sexes participate in the incubation, but the female does the majority of incubating during the day and all of it at night. The philippine eagle is distributed around the islands of Philippines. [3][25], The maximum reported weight is surpassed by two other eagles (the harpy and Steller's sea eagles) and the wings are shorter than large eagles of open country (such as the white-tailed eagle, Steller's sea eagle, martial eagle, or wedge-tailed eagle), but are quite broad. [39], They are threatened primarily by deforestation through logging and expanding agriculture. Eagles in Mindanao often find success using the latter method while hunting flying lemurs, since they are nocturnal animals which try to use camouflage to protect them by day. Its bill averages 7.22 cm (2.84 in) in length from the gape. The other is perch-hunting, which entails periodically gliding from one perch to another. [8] Later studies revealed, however, that the alleged monkey-eating eagle also ate other animals, such as colugos, large snakes, monitor lizards, and even large birds, such as hornbills. According to the IUCN Red List, the total Philippine eagle population size is around 180-500 mature individuals, which is around 250-750 individuals in total. Killing a Philippine eagle is punishable under Philippine law by up to 12 years in prison and heavy fines. The back of the Philippine eagle is dark brown, while the underside and underwings are white. The female matures sexually at five years of age and the male at seven. The egg is incubated for 58 to 68 days (typically 62 days) by both parents, but the female does the majority of incubating during the day and all of it at night. [3][30] The eagle frequently reuses the same nesting site for several different chicks. Among the rarest and most powerful birds in the world, the Philippine eagle has been declared the Philippine national bird. [8] The primary prey for the eagles seen in Luzon are monkeys, birds, flying foxes, giant cloud-rats Phloeomys pallidus (which can weigh twice as much as flying lemurs at 2 to 2.5 kg (4.4 to 5.5 lb)), and reptiles such as large snakes and lizards. The female typically lays one egg, although occasionally two have been reported. [50] The last outside the Philippines died in 1988 in the Antwerp Zoo, where it had lived since 1964 (except for a period at the Planckendael Zoo in Belgium). 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